Q No 1: The Duchess and the Jeweler by Virginia Woolf mirror the society of England. Discuss:
The Duchess and the Jeweler are set in the sensibility of England of those days. Discuss:
‘The Duchess and the Jeweler’ is a clear reflection of the love for wealth and corruption of the western industrialized society of the 20th century. Elaborate:
How does the story reflect the moral decadence of English aristocracy?
What message does the story give to the ordinary reader?
The Duchess and the Jeweler mentions a change in the English Society: Discuss.
What is the theme of the story?
Answer: The story ‘The Duchess and the Jeweler’ is a commentary on the declining morals (اخلاقی گراوٹ) and manners of the Victorian society. The English aristocracy (اعلٰی طبقہ) of those days suffered from many social and moral vices (برائیاں). It was the age of transition. The high-ups were coming down because of their moral decadence ((اخلاقی گراوٹ and commoners were taking the lead in spite of their psychological fixation (نفسیاتی بیماری). It throws light on the great up heals in English social caused by the industrial revolution.
It is the story of the poor and orphan boy who passed his childhood in slumps (کساد), but he worked hard and became the wealthiest man in the country. The jeweler raised his social status.
We also find another character, the Duchess, who represents aristocracy of England. She fell from the social and material pedestal with the passage of time. She tried to maintain her old traditions and customs in spite of the growing monetary (مالی) weakness. She began to sell the family jewels and pearls. She had sold these many times. To get her desired twenty thousand, she had forgotten all her nobility. She was always in financial difficulty because of her moral decadence. She gambled. Now to arrange for money, she sold fake pearls twice. However, this was not all. She had so much more decadence when she used her daughter for own sake and persuaded (ترغیب دی) Oliver, “you’ll come for a long weekend? Alone in the woods with Diana!” Riding alone in the woods with Diana!”
Therefore, we conclude that writer has very beautifully reflected the English society of for the time. The old aristocratic class found it difficult to survive. Their limited income from lands was found insufficient to meet their pomp and show. Therefore, they have moral dependence for an artificial aristocracy.