Solved Paper: BA English A, 2015 Annual, 2nd Group
- No 1: Explain the following with reference to the context any THREE:
- a) Stood on a great plain in the felling snow
Ten-thousand soldiers inarched to and fro
Looking for you and me my dear
Looking for you and me
Answer: a): Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “Say This City Has Ten Million Souls” by W.H. Auden.
Context: The poet has presented the situation of. He has thrown light on the feeling of those who wish to take refuge in another country but are not allowed entry. A Jewish couple meets with this situation. They are refused entry and told that without the passport, they have no identity. They try to explain this dangerous situation but in vain.
Explanation: In these lines the speaker who is a German Jew and an immigrant from Germany narrates that he went to a vast plain outside the city (New York) to find some sheltering place there. The snow was falling, and as such, the weather was very bad. He adds that there he saw ten thousand soldiers, who were marching onward and backward. In his opinion, they were chasing and looking for him and other German immigrants.
- b) What is life if full care
We have no time to stand and stare
No time to stand beneath the bows
And stare as long as sheep or cows
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “Leisure”, written by William Devise.
Context: In this poem the poet is criticizing to the intense materialism of modern life. Modern man has involved and devoted himself in collecting and earning money. He has not time to enjoy real beauty that is hidden in nature. His busy life and his craze of collecting money has made his life full of worries and tensions.
The poet William Davies is of the view that life is full of cares, worries, anxieties and tensions. We have no spare time to look significance of natural objects. We do not have time to enjoy and rejoice nature. The cows and sheep stand beneath the branches but we are worse than sheep and cows. We have no time to look at the beautiful trees.
The poet, actually, is criticizing our modern life. Hurry and worry are our two main problems. But one thing is clear that sheep, cows have no such problems as the man of 21st century.
- C) A damsel with a dulcimer
In a vison once I saw
It was an Abyssinian maid
And on her dulcimer she played
Singing of mount Abora
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem Kubla Khan written by S.T Coleridge.
Context: In this poem the poet has drawn an imaginary picture of Kubla Khan’s pleasure-dome a royal palace, which he had ordered to be built in Xanadu, which is an imaginary and a romantic place.
Explanation: In these lines, the poet describes that he once saw in vison that is through imagination, an Abyssinian maiden, who was paying on her very strange stringed muscle instrument, named dulcimer. She was singing of Mount Abora that was purely imaginative mountain.
- d) The sun is behind me
Nothing has changed since I began
My eye has permitted! No change
I am going to keep things like this
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem, “Hawk’s Monologue” by Ted Huges.
Context: In this dramatic monologue, the poet has highlighted the so-called rigid, arrogant, power-drunk and despotic rulers. Here Hawk stands for such rulers. Like the despotic rulers or dictators, Hawk, the king of the birds, is also deluded by his physical power and his domination over other birds.
Explanation: In the given lines, hawk (the speaker), who stands for the power-drunk or despotic rulers says that the sun is at his black. Therefore, gets all his solar energy. Thus he possesses all his powers. That is why no change has taken place since he began his life as an absolute ruler of all other birds. His eye has not allowed any change in the world of the birds. He will continue to keep things in the same manner. He will not allow any revolution against the sovereign rule.
- e) On this occasion she’s an enterprising you lady who puts on her best frock and calls ion me to try to get her brother the job of advertising my taxi cabs.
Reference: These lines have been taken from the play” Smoke-Screens” by Herold Brighouse.
Context: In this play, the playwright has advised the elders not to thrust their ideas and decisions on the Youngers, otherwise they will have to face their sharp reaction and revolt against themselves.
Explanation: In the given lines Lucy Aston is talking to her elder sister, Susan Merridor. She tells her about Clarice who is John’s sister. At that time when Clarice came to Lucy to inform her about love of Primrose and John, she was wearing her best frock and she (Lucy) thought that she came to her to get her brother the job of advertising her Taxi-cabs. She could not think that Clarice could propose for her daughter Primrose. Later Primrose’s mother allowed her daughter to marry John.
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