This is 2nd question OF solved Paper A 2015, Annual:
Question No 2: Attempt any TWO of the following questions (200-225 words each) 10+10
1) Do you think that Beatrice in Rappaccni’s daughter is real character of flesh and blood?
Answer: no doubt, the character of Beatrice in Rappaccini’s daughter is the most important character in the story. We can say it is real character of flesh and blood because this character gives us message of human relationship and how one need love and sympathy from other people to lead life in this ordinary but colorful world. She is very charming, beautiful and attractive young maiden. Her voice is so beautiful and sweet that Giovanni falls in love with her and after exchanging his first words with he feels that she has magical power in her voice. She always wears fantastic dress, that is unusual seem to be as rich as the beautiful flowers. She has large beautiful and loving eyes that can mad anyone. She is beautiful the fame of her beauty is in all over the Padua and all the young men are mad with her beauty though half a dozen has a chance to see her physically.
She is human, gentle, and maidenly, worthy to be worshipped in the eyes of Giovanni. She has loving heart but unfortunately, has fed her with poison and made her poisonous lady. That is why she is cut off all other human being and her life is limited with the garden walls of her father. We agree on Prof: Bagloini’s remarks about her that Dr. Rappaccini “care more for science than for mankind”. She accepts about her poisonous life and her father science as “There was an awful fate in the effect of Father’s mad love of science, which separated me from all society of my kind”.
Giovanni and Beatrice are very sincere each other so, when Dr. Bagloini gives him antidote he offers her to drink both and be free from the poison. However, here she knows that poison is not the element of life. She despite drinking both, catches the bottle of antidote and drinks herself showing her purity of love saying, “I will drink but do you await the result”. Here she drinks and dies in front of the feet of Giovanni and her Father Dr. Rappaccini
2) How far would you agree that The Duchess and the Jeweler depicts the moral decadences of the nobility?
The story ‘The Duchess and the Jeweler’ is a commentary on the declining morals (اخلاقی گراوٹ) and manners of the Victorian society. The English aristocracy (اعلٰی طبقہ) of those days suffered from many social and moral vices (برائیاں). It was the age of transition. The high-ups were coming down because of their moral decadence ((اخلاقی گراوٹ and commoners were taking lead in spite of their psychological fixation (نفسیاتی بیماری). It throws light on the great up heals in English social caused by industrial revolution.
It is the story of poor and orphan boy who passed his childhood in slumps (کساد) but he worked hard and became the wealthiest man of the country. The jeweler raised his social status.
We also find another character, the Duchess, who represents aristocracy of England. She fell from the social and material pedestal with the passage of time. She tried to maintain her old traditions and customs in spite of the growing monetary (مالی) weakness. She began to sell the family jewels and pearls. She had sold these many times. To get her desired twenty thousand, she had forgotten all her nobility. She was always in financial difficult because of her moral decadence. She gambled. Now to arrange for money, she sold fake pearls twice. However, this was not all. She had so much more decadence when she used her daughter for own sake and persuaded (ترغیب دی) Oliver, “you’ll come for a long weekend? Alone in the woods with Diana!” Riding alone in the woods with Diana!”
So, we conclude that writer has very beautifully reflected the English society of for time. The old aristocratic class found it difficult to survive. Their limited income from lands was found insufficient to meet their pomp and show. Therefore, they have moral dependence for artificial aristocracy.
3) Do you think that the ending of the play the boy comes home is justified?
Answer: yes we think that is the ending of the play The Boy Comes Home is justified as it has changed the character of Uncle James and now is ready to change is behavior too. When Uncle James goes to sleep and then dreams, the fight starts in his dream. Uncle James is very strict person and wants to impairment all rules by force in his house. Philip his nephew is not ready to accept his orders because he knows Uncle’s authoritative attitude towards him and his strict discipline in the house. He says to his uncle “Well we don’t get on too well together… ”
When we read the play, we find that mostly Uncle James is responsible for the conflict between the two. We find their conflict in dreams. In dreams when Philips comes, Uncle James aggressively, orders him to get up early at 8 o clock for breakfast according to rule. Philips denies accepting his orders. Uncle James also threatens him to join his business otherwise; he will be deprived of his money. He uses power of wealth but Philips does not afraid of at all. He takes out revolver and grenade to force him giving his money. When Uncle James looks the revolvers, he is completely horrified. The terror of death makes him agree to Philips’ demand. Therefore, we can say that the end of the play is justified beautifully by the writer.