The Pronoun, Definition and Kinds of Pronoun

The Pronoun: It is a word which used in place of noun.

(ایسا لفظ جو noun  کی جگہ استعمال ہوتا ہے۔ pronoun کہلاتا ہے۔

Samina has a beautiful cat. She loves it very much.

Kinds of Pronoun:

  1. Personal Pronoun: A pronoun which is used the name of person is called personal pronoun.جو کسی شخص کے نام کی جگہ استعمال ہو personal pronoun کہلاتا ہے۔

Personal pronoun is divided into two groups.

  1. Subjective case: I, we, you, he, she, it, they.
  2. Objective case: me, us, you, him, her, it, them.

Possessive Pronoun: A pronoun which is used to indicate possession or relationship is called possessive pronoun                  

ایسا پرونا ئون جو کسی ملکیت یا تعلق کو ظاہر کرے Personal Pronoun کہلاتاے ہے۔

Possessive pronoun has two groups.

  • My, our, your, his, her, its, their.
  • Mine, ours, yours, his, hers, its, theirs.

Note: The pronouns of” a” group are required nouns after tem, while, the pronouns of b” group are not required nouns after them.

  • This is my book, where is yours.
  • It is not your book, it is mine.
  1. Reflexive Pronoun: when the subject and the object are the same and the action done by the subject recalls back to the subject. The pronoun used is called reflexive pronoun.

جب subject اور object ایک ہی جیسے ہی ہو ں اور عمل subject کی طرف سے خود کیا جا تا ہے۔ ایسے pronoun  کو reflexive pronoun کہتے ہیں

She hurt herself with a knife.

            He did it himself.

Note: To make reflexive pronoun of 1st person and 2nd person, we add (self/selves) with the possessive case, while, to make reflexive pronoun of 3rd person, we add (self/ selves) with the objective case.

کسی Reflexive Pronoun کو بنا نے کیلئے 1st Person, 2nd person کے ساتھ self/selves جبکہ 3rd personکے objective case یعنی حالتِ مفعولی کے ساتھ self/selves لگا تے ہیں

Examples: myself, ourselves, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves.

  1. Interrogative Pronoun: A pronoun which is used to ask a question is called interrogative pronoun.

ایسا پرونائون جسمیں کوئی سوال پو چھا جائے

Example: when, what, who, where, why, how, whom, whose, which.

  1. Relative Pronoun: A pronoun which relates to some noun or pronoun already mentioned is the sentence is called relative pronoun. Sometime relative pronoun serves as conjunction.

ایسا پر و نا ئو ن جو کسی ایسے نا ئون یا پرونائون  کی سے تعلق کو ظا ہر کرےجو پہلےہی فقرے میں استعمال ہو ا ہو

            Example: who, which, whose, whom, as.

  1. Demonstrative Pronoun: A pronoun which is used to point out thing or person already mentioned in the sentence.

            ایسا پرونائون جو کسی ایسے پوئنٹ کا ذکر کرے جو پہلے پیان کیا جا چکا ہو۔

Example: Your cat is black! Mine is white “one”.

The pen and the sword are equally important. “This” is used in by the writer “that” is used by the soldier.

            This, that, these, those, one, such, so

  1. Indefinite Pronoun: A pronoun which is used to indicate some unspecified person or thing is called indefinite pronoun.

 ایسا پرونائون جو کسی غیر مخصو ص یا غیر اہم شخص یا چیز کا نام بیان کرے۔

Each, every, either, neither, none, any body, no body, some one, no one, some body, both, all.

            Example: 1.Some one has stolen my watch.

  1. Both of them were present there.
  2. Reciprocal Pronoun.

Each other, one another, are called reciprocal pronouns.

            Note: “Each other” is used when we refer to two persons or things and “one another” is used when we refer to more than two persons or things.

            Example: Two sisters love each other.

                                    The children love one another.

                                   

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