Guess Paper 2016


The new guess paper 2016 for BA English is available now. As it is very important to publish the Guess paper for  weak students is no more than a precious gift, so it is very sensitive step to create a guess paper for you according to the paper pattern and examination point of view.

This time I have create new solved guess paper 2016 with complete solved question, as it takes time to and keeping all previous exams and paper pattern, many students demanded me to give that guess paper complete with all solved question. So i am working on this and now almost in last stage of completion.

طلبأ کے پُر زور مطالبات پر انتھک محنت سے تیار کیا جانیوالا گِس پیپر جس میں مکمل سوالات حل شدہ آپ کے لیے میّسرہیں طلباوطالبات نے کم وقت میں تیاری  کرکے کامیابی حاصل کرنا چاہتے ہیں ان کے لیے یہ گِس پیپر کسی نعمت سے کم نہی۔ گزشتہ گِس پیپر کی کامیابی کے بعد اب اس سال کا گِس پیپر تیار کرنا کوئی آسان کام نہیں تھا لیکن اب اللہ کا شکر ہے آپ کے لیے موجود ہے۔جو لوگ اس مکمل حل شدہ گِس پیپرکی سوفٹ یا ہارڈ کاپی لینا چاہتے ہیں وہ ابھی سے اپنا آرڈر بک کرواسکتے ہیں۔

ہارڈ کاپی آپ کے گھر کے ایڈریس پر ارسال کی جائےگی اور سوفٹ کاپی آپ کے ای میل ایڈریس پر ارسال کی جائیگی

جن طلبأ نے حل شدہ کاپی حاصل کرنی ہے

وہ نیچے دیے گئے لنک پر کلک کریں

Guess Paper 2016:

After the success of guess paper 2015, here is 2016

I have Created This Guess Paper with Complete Solved Questions of Paper A & Paper B

This Guess Paper is useful for All Universities where the syllabus is taught like Punjab University, GC University Faisalabad, Sargodha University, Islamia University Bahawalpur and GC University Lahore etc. It is based on my 16 years of teaching experience especially for BA English.

You can get the hardcopy of this Solved Guess Paper in only Rs 1000 and Softcopy in Only Rs 700: A hard Copy will be posted to your Postal Address and Soft copy will be sent through Email address:    

اگرآپ کم وقت میں تیاری کر کے 100 مارکس لینا چا ہتے ہیں تو آج ہی مکمل حل شدہ گِس پیپر کی کاپی حاصل کریں

BA English Paper A, 2016:

English Language:   B.A Punjab University 2015    Group 2nd

Time: 3 ½ hrs:            Paper A                                          Marks: 100

Note: attempt all parts of a question together. Be relevant and precise. Over-attempt deserve no credit:

  1. No 1: Explain the following with reference to the context any THREE:

(i)            Will lie O’ nights

In the bony arms

Of Reality and be comforted.

(ii)           Cover me with white

Cold icy kisses and

Let me rest tonight.

(iii)          Thus I entered, and thus I go

In triumphs, people dropped down dead

“Tis god shall repay: I am safer so.

(iv)         A legacy of benefits…may we

In future years be found with those who try

To labour for the good until they die

(v)          For only gossamer, my gown —

My tippet — only tulle —


(vi)        Magnified apples appear and disappear,

Stem end and the blossom end,

And every fleck of russet showing clear.

(vii)        So little happens, the black dog

Cracking his fleas, in the hot sun

(viii)       O then, on the shore

Of wide world I stand alone, and think

Till Love and Fame to nothingness do sink.

(ix)         And depart peaceful, pacified, and thankless,

Into the burning bowels of this earth?

(x)          The apparition of these faces in the crowd;

Petals on a wet black bough.

Expansion Lines from Plays:

(i)            Smirnov: Silly and rude! I don’t know how to behave before women. Madam, in my life, I’ve seen more women than you have seen sparrows.

(ii)           We live, so to speak, like spiders, and never see the light. The mice have eaten my livery. It isn’t as if there were no good people around, for the district’s full of them.

(iii)          What grace there was in his strength! Do you remember? Toby, Toby!

(iv)         My dear uncle, this is holiday. Being in London is holiday

(v)          Now, understand once and for all, Philip, while you remain in my house I expect not only punctuality, but also civility and respect.

(vi)         Wolf: Stow it! [To Lettice] D’you want me to abandon my craft and start keeping rabbits.

) It is another of our fatal weakness and has kept us out of law and politics and diplomacy – in fact, everything but the church.

(vii)        There ain’t no criminal classes, any more than virtuous classes. The rogues and the rulers may both come from the gutter, or the Palace.

(viii)       It is another of our fatal weakness and has kept us out of law and politics and diplomacy – in fact, everything but the church

(ix)         It is always a losing game to be a mother. You were a baby and I lost my baby. Then you were a helpless child and I lost her too, and gained a school girl, half of you as dependent as ever you were, the other half a strange new creature with interests that I could not watch or share

(x)          Speaking as a woman in love, I don’t see how my mother could have known Charles for what he was.

  1. No 2: Attempt any TWO of the following questions (200-225 words each) 10+10

  2. “There is not anything I can do about it” Ole Anderson said. He looked at the wall. “Thanks for coming to tell me about it”. What does Ole Anderson read on the wall and what was his impression? Elaborate.
  3. Ustad Mangu is painted as a fool in “The New Constitution”. Support or refute the statement.
  4. “Whore, bastard, bitch”, he shouted at her. “Go away from here. Go home to your children”. How was Rosen in “Take Pity” provoked to make such remarks about Eva?
  5. The role of the main character in “Araby” is to run after the shadows. Discuss
  6. “The Necklace” is a satire on the vanity of women. Discuss.
  7. The wife in “The Shadow in the Rose Garden” cannot help digging her past. Discuss.
  8. The French soldier feels grandeur of the desert with all its force and fascination. Comment. (A Passion in the Desert)
  9. How did Lisby come to know of Simon Byrne’s love for her? (The Little Willow)
  10. Discuss the play “The Bear” by Anton Chekhov as a farce.
  11. “Something to Talk About” reflects the modern attitude towards criminals and crime. Elaborate
  12. Write a short note on the character of Primrose.

No 3:  Attempt any TWO of the following questions (200-225 words each)

Modern man can’t stand and stare? How can we change this attitude? (Leisure)

What kind of disgusting picture of woman’s life Maya Angelou has drawn in her poem, “Woman Work”?

What is unusual about the rebel? Is there anything positive about it? (The Rebel)

What is the poet’s idea of association and memories? (The Solitary Reaper)Explain.

“A Poison Tree” rightly describes the poet’s mental and emotional attitude towards his enemy.

Death is a very courteous host in “Because I Could Not Stop for Death”. Explain.

What similarity does Robert Frost want to discover in woodchuck’s sleep and his own? (“After Apple Picking”)
) Describe the revival of the colourful life in the village. (The Vanishing Village)

What are John Keats’ fears? (When I Have Fears)

Why does the poet wish to become a young again, (Politics)

How does education overcome instinct in “Snake”?

No 4: Attempt any TWO of the following questions (200-225 words each)

Describe the difficulties faced by the people at the time of independence. (Pakistan and the Modern World)Describe the experience and feelings of the people before and during the solar eclipse.

D.H. Lawrence in “Whistling of Birds” shows his fascination for sound and colour. Elaborate:What was the condition of the survivors of the nuclear explosion? What wonders does David R. Scott experience on the moon? (Walking on the Moon)

There is something essentially sad about the portrayal of the Tailor in “My Tailor”.

How does the writer differentiate between hosts and guests?

What kind of a dilemma does a bachelor face in his life? (Bachelor’s Dilemma)

“It is easy to see fanaticism in others but difficult to spot in oneself”. Discuss with reference to Tolerance by Forster.
What harm can ‘pleasant illusions’ do? (Science and Values)

Explain the utility of vitamins on human body. (The Vitamins)

No 5: Attempt any TWO of the following questions (200-225 words each) 10+10

Discuss the element of optimism in the novel ‘The Old Man and the Sea’.

Discuss the sea as a living entity in the novel.

Elaborate Santiago’s strategies to confront loneliness

Old man found meaning in existence during his combat with the Marlin. Discuss.

Discuss the ending of the novel.

Is Santiago a superstitious man?

Discuss Hemingway’s knowledge of fishing.

Write a note on the hand game competition between Santiago and the Negro.

“A man can be destroyed but not defeated”. Discuss.

What is the symbolic importance of the Novel?

Write a note on the old man’s love with nature:


Guess Paper B, 2016:

English Language:             BA Punjab University 2016:                 

Time Allowed 3 hrs                      Paper B                                                         Marks: 100

Important Note: Over attempted idioms/correction of sentences will not be marked. Only the first Five will be marked. Don’t write your names, PH# or identity in any answer:

No 1: Write an essay with outline of 300-350 words on one of the following topics:

  1. Problems faced by a BA student:
  2.  Security Measures at Public Places:
  3. The Power of Electronic Media
  4. Mobile Phone – A Curse
  5. Village Uplift
  6. Internet – A Tool of Modern Age
  7. National Unity
  8. Social Evils of Pakistan (can be any topic like Corruption in Society, Noise Pollution, Drug Addiction, or Inflation – Rising Prices etc.)
  9. Problems Faced by Working Women
  10. Democracy in Pakistan:
  11. Energy Crisis (Essay on Energy Crises/ Power Crisis/ Load Shedding/Oil and Gas Shortage etc.): 

No 2: Read the following paragraph and answer the question at the end. The answer must be in your own words.

  1. Advertising is essentially the art of communication. As such, its origin can be traced right back to the origin of the species. “Advertising coloration” is a familiar biological phrase denoting the colours developed by certain animals to make them stand out against their natural background. It is the direct opposite of camouflage. There is always a message in these colours, such as; “keep away, “mind your step”, “darling won’t you care for a dance?” While camouflage is tricky and timed, “advertising” is honest, confidant, and forthright, as far as the world of nature goes. In human life, advertising through the mouth must have begun with the beginning of commerce. The tradition is still kept alive by hawkers and street vendors in our towns and villages. As regards advertising through the written word there is archaeological evidence that it was being practiced at least 3,000 years ago. An advertisement offering a gold coin as a reward to anyone tracing out a runaway slave was unearthed in the ruins of Thebes and is computed to be as old as the third millennium B.C. It was the prototype of our “lost and found” classified ad that was painted on a wall.
    (i) What was advertising?
    (ii) What does the phrase “advertising colouration” mean?
    (iii) What is the difference between camouflage and advertising?
    (iv) When did verbal and written advertising begin in human life?
    (v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
    (vi) Make a precis of the passage.

 2. Recently the mass media, formerly subservient to the medical profession, have become increasingly restive and occasionally hostile. In Germany, in particular the newspaper and television have given a great deal of time and space to the complaints against the medical profession. In Britain on BBC radio and television, the medical practices have come under sharp and aggressive criticism. Is this antagonism to the profession justified? And if so, why? I have tried to answer that question by looking at the way it deals with some of the diseases of our civilization, including the most lethal, heart-attacks and cancer. If what emerges is an indictment of the profession, then I would rebut the charge that I am anti-doctor. What is required in the relationship between the doctor and the patient? The trust and unshakable trust, I would say. Montaigne said; “I honour physicians not for their services but for themselves”. That goes for me too.


(i) What do you understand by the mass media?

(ii) What is the writer’s stance towards the medical profession?

(iii) What is a lethal disease? Explain.

(iv) Is there a radical change in the presentation of the art of healing by the mass media?

(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.

(vi) Make a precis of the passage.

  1. Poverty is almost as widely shared as Islam in Afghanistan. Except for a small number of wealthy traders, nomadic tribal leaders, and the Royal family and its retainers, few Afghans have lived far from the basic level of subsistence. Throughout the century their diet consists of coarse bread, tea, and dairy products, supplemented by fruits and vegetables in season and an occasional serving of mutton or chicken. Though the food is never plentiful, the Afghan diet during good crop years appears to be sufficient to support a vigorous population, but the precariousness of the food supply is obvious from the drastic and continuing erosion of the soil and the creeping desertization of its landscape. The poverty of most Afghan farmers and herders has imposed an elemental quality on their culture. Values are oriented toward social survival. Loyalty to the primary group ultimately takes precedence over self-assertion, despite the great importance given to personal independence. The conflict between these competing values is a major feature of Afghan life, but in-group loyalty has necessarily played the paramount role in the shaping of the attitudes toward fellow Afghans and outsiders.
    (i) What is the economic condition of the people of Afghanistan?
    (ii) What does the diet of Afghan people consist of?
    (iii) Why is the food supply becoming so precarious?
    (iv) What is the major feature of Afghan life?
    (v) Make a suitable title of the passage.
    (vi) Make a precis of the above passage

  2. Great progress has been made by America in the field of mechanization. It is spending lavishly on labour-saving machines. Efficient organization of highly mechanized system has resulted in maximum productivity in America. With mass production, the amenities of life are available to almost every citizen. On the contrary Europe subordinates the use of machines to human happiness and welfare. It encourages man’s reliance on his own faculties and realizes the dangers inherent in the American scheme. However great the advantages of mechanization, it crushes the creative faculty of man and makes a machine out of him. His individual liberty and personality suffer on irretrievable loss. In his moments of leisure the worker finds it difficult to turn his hands to creative work, because the machine-made goods do not inspire him in the direction of refinement. These goods also lose their fascination because mass production has given a setback to the individuality of the articles produced. The Europeans, therefore, contend that it is better to sacrifice a few material comforts than crush the aesthetic and spiritual urge in the individual which large-scale mechanization is doing in America.


(i) What is the result of progress in the field of mechanization in America?

(ii) How has it affected the citizens?

(iii) What is the case in Europe?

(iv) Why do Europeans sacrifice a few material comforts?

(v) Make a suitable title of the passage.

(vi) Make a precis of the above passage.

  1. The rich nations have made adjustments after the 1973 oil crisis, but the poor nations, who cannot afford the continue using oil, have to look for alternatives in order to keep up the pace of their development. The sun, therefore, offers a free supply of thermo-dynamically high-quality fuel — sunshine — to countries that are located in the earth’s solar belt (35N, 35S of the Equator), where the sun comes out every day, keeping its radiant energy undiminished. What, however, stand in the way, are a series of institutional and economic barriers which must be overcome if solar energy is to have an impact on the energy scene. The solar energy plan requires new ways of thinking. It calls for a shift from centralized energy supply systems to on-site decentralized distribution of energy. The term ‘on-site’ derives from the limited areas within which the energy produced by a system is consumed. It rests its emphasis on the social benefits rather than the cost benefits of a system.
    (i) What is the effect of 1973 oil crisis on poor nations?
    (ii) What are the obstacles in the way of acquiring solar energy?
    (iii) What system of distribution does the author recommend for solar energy?
    (iv) What does the term “on-site” mean?
    (v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
    (vi) Make a precis of the above passage.

  2. The grand strategy for his campaign against Muslim backwardness envisaged two main activities, namely; a weekly periodical to propagate progressive social and religious ideas among the intelligentsia and an institution of higher learning to impart modern education to the new generation. The two projects in his mind were closely interlinked; for without an enlightened public opinion adequate support for the educational institution could not be ensured and, obversely,  without modern education the new generation would never outgrow its elders’ prejudices and misconceptions. Syed Ahmad addressed himself to the periodical first. He had tentatively proposed it in a letter, dated 22 April 1870, to Mehdi Ali as the organ of an association which he wanted organized before his return to India for “the uplift and reform of the Muslim”, but with which his connection was not to be divulged. He had a block prepared in England for the title page of the periodical, which was to be called the Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq in Urdu and the Mohammedan Social Reformer in English. 
    (i)  What was the strategy against Muslim backwardness?
    (ii) Why were the two projects interlinked in his mind?
    (iii) What was Syed Ahmed’s proposal about the periodical?
    (iv) When did he propose the establishment of the periodical?
    (v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
    (vi) Make a precis of the above passage.

  3. Teaching more even than most other professions, has been transformed during the last hundred years from a small, highly skilled profession concerned with a minority of the population, to a large and important branch of the public service. The profession has a great and honorable tradition extending from the dawn of history until recent times, but any teacher in the modern world who allows himself to be inspired by the ideals of his predecessors is likely to be made sharply aware that it is not his function to teach what he thinks, but instill such beliefs and prejudices as are thought useful by his employers. In former days, a teacher was expected to be a man of exceptional knowledge or wisdom to whose words men would do well to attend. In antiquity, teachers were not an organized profession and no control was exercised over what they taught. It is true they were often punished afterwards for their subversive doctrines. Socrates was put to death and Plato is said to have been thrown into prison, but such incidents did not interfere with the spread of their doctrines.


(i) What changes have occured in the profession of teaching during the last hundred years?

(ii) What were the teachers supposed to be in golden days?

(iii) What is the function of a teacher nowadays?

(iv) Write a note on the rewards that a teacher gets nowadays.

(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.

(vi) Make a precis of the above passage.

  1. This brings me along to democracy, even love the beloved Republic which feed upon freedom. Democracy is not a Beloved Republic really and never will be. But it is less hateful than other contemporary forms of Government and to that extent it deserves our support. It does start from the assumption that the individual is important and that all types are needed to make a civilization is does not divide its citizens into bossers and bossed as an efficiency regime tends to do. The people I admire most are those who are sensitive and want to create something or discover something and do not see life in terms of power and such people get more of a chance under a democracy than elsewhere. They find religions great or small or they produce literature and art or they do disinterested scientific research or they may be what is called ordinary people who are creative in their private lives, bring up their children decently for instance or help their neighbours. All those people need to express themselves; they cannot do so unless society allows them liberty to do so and the society which allows them most liberty is democracy.


(i) What other advantages of democracy can you think of in addition to the fact that it allows most liberty?

(ii) Summarize the writer’s definition of creative persons.

(iii) Why does the writer call democracy a less hateful form of Government?

(iv) What type of people does the writer like?

(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.

(vi) Make a precis of the above passage.

  1. The chief causes of large-scale violence are love of power, competition, hate and fear. Love of power will have not national outlet when all serious military force is concentrated in the international army. Competition will be effectively regulated by law, and mitigated by governmental controls. Fear — in the acute form in which we know it — will disappear when war is no longer to be expected. There remains hate and malevolence. This has a deep hold on human nature. The wide diffusion of malevolence is one of the most unfortunate things in human nature, and it must be lessened if a world State is to be stable. It can be lessened, and be very quickly. If peace becomes secure there will be a very rapid increase of material prosperity, and this tends more than anything else to provide a mood of kindly feeling. Consider the immense diminution of cruelty in Britain during the Victorian Age; this was mainly due to rapidly increasing wealth in all classes. I think we may confidently expect a similar effect throughout the world owing to the increased wealth that will result from the elimination of war. A great deal, also, is to be hoped from a change in propaganda. Nationalist propaganda, in any violent form, will have to be illegal, and children in school will not be taught to hate and despise foreign nations.


(i) What are the chief causes of large-scale violence in the world?

(ii) How can hate be lessened?

(iii) How can material prosperity be achieved?

(iv) How can nationalist propaganda be controlled?

(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.

(vi) Make a precis of the above passage.

  1. The man who is perpetually hesitating which of the two things he will do first, will do neither. The man who resolves but suffers his resolution to be changed by the first counter suggestion of a friend who fluctuates from opinion to opinion, from plan, and veers like a weather-cook to every point of the compass, with every breath of caprice that blows-can never accomplish anything great or useful instead of being progressive to any thing, he will be at best stationary, and more probably retrograde in all. It is only the man who first consults wisely, then resolves firmly and then executes his purpose with inflexible perseverance undismayed by those difficulties which daunt a weaker spirit that can advance to eminence in any time. Take your course wisely, but firmly, and haven taken it, hold upon it with heroic resolution and the Alps and Pyrenees will sink before you. Wavering and fickleness of the mind are not only signs of a weak personality but also symptoms of inferiority complex. Taking a decision promptly and then sticking to it firmly may be the quality found rarely in the selected few but average human beings are quite capable of developing the habit of thinking deeply and wisely and then executing the plans efficiently. It can be achieved through guidance, will power and psychological treatment.


(i) What is the result of indecisiveness?

(ii) Why should a man refrain from changing his plans after taking a firm decision?

(iii) What are the conditions of successful accomplishment of a task?

(iv) What do repeated change in plans show about a man’s personality?

(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.

(vi) Make a precis of the above passage.


No 3: letters or applications

  1. Write a letter to the Editor of a Newspaper on the evils of street begging.


Write an application to the Director of Education for the post of an English Teacher.

  1. Write a letter to the Editor of a Newspaper about the lack of medical facilities in Government Hospitals.


Write an application to the Finance Manager of a Multinational Firm for the appointment of an Account Clerk.

  1. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper expressing the need for opening a girls’ college in your city.


Write an application to the General Manager of a Multinational Firm for the appointment of a Medical Representative

  1. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper, criticizing the dress and habits of students at college.


Write an application to the Director of Education for the post of an English Teacher. Also provide your C.V.

  1. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper, complaining about unscheduled load-shedding.


Write an application to the Director Education (Schools) for the appointment of a teacher.

  1. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper about the missing Health Facilities in the Hospital of your area.


Write a job application to the District Coordinating Officer for the post of a Computer Operator.

  1. Write a letter to the District Police Officer about the increasing street crimes.


Write a job application to the Director of a Private Firm for the post of and Accountant.

  1. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper expressing your grave concern on current wave of terrorism.


Write a job application to the manager of a mobile phone franchise for the post of Office Assistant.

 No 4: Correct any five of the followings. (No Extra attempt will be marked)

He ran three hundred meters race.

My tooth is paining very badly.

Najma eats like Salma does.

He has lit up the fire of reform.

I did not know that honesty was the best policy.

If I fail in this examination I will give the next.

We met at the house of a mutual friend to make peace.

Have you heard of your son’s robbery?

Unless you don’t work hard, you cannot secure good marks.

I hate those sorts of men.

He has been operated.

He is such a man who is linked by everyone.

Write with ink.

I do not care for these sorts of things.

She is not clever to do it.

He is a coward boy.

Neither he comes, nor he writes.

Why he wrote that foolish letter?

I shall stay at Murree for few days.

He only is responsible for this act.

I seldom or ever take medicine.

The child died at three year old.

Not a line of the lectures were written.

He is bent to do it.

It is much hot today.

He made a goal against our college.

I shot the bear but missed.

They pay no attention to their old father.

He is the student whom I think deserves praise.

Is not he your brother?

The wages of sin are death.

Eight miles are a long distance.

I am studying the newspaper.

He aims to please everybody.

Every one of them want to go to sea.

He is reading at the medical college.

Either of these two houses are to let.

The teacher took a test of the students.

He insisted to do it.

I bade him to do it.

It is much hot today.

Such students who don’t work hard fail.

He requested me to say little more.

She is cooking the meal for 30 minutes.

He goes there never.

Mr. Zahis with his wife and children live here.

A number of boys is absent.

We should avail of this chance.

They went to the fair and enjoyed.

The murdered was hung.


No 5: use any five of the following phrases in sentences.

Take in
Throw up
Stand for
Strike down

Stick to the point
Hush up
Bring through
Beat back
Die away
Come about
Fix up
Look up
Turn up
Run up against

Bear out
Fall out
Make off with
Set up for
Round up
Blow out
Bear up
Bear with
Back out
Drop in
Blind in
Back away
Be up to
Give up
Go back on
Buy off
Break away
Turn away
Hold on
Bear out
Apple pie order
At a loss
Face the music
Small talk
Work wonders

Oily tongue
French leave
Carry the day
Cat’s paw
Out of elbows

Come of age

Get over

Fall in with

Make out

Put up with

No 6: dialogues or translation paragraphs

  1. Write a dialogue between a student and a canteen manager about the bad food items and their high prices in the canteen
  2. Write a dialogue between the Manager and the customer about the stale food items of the bakery.
  3. Write a dialogue between two friends about the waywardness among the youth.
  4. Write a dialogue between two close friends on the ill effects of smoking.
  5. Write a dialogue between a student and a teacher on the importance of discipline.
  6. Write a dialogue between father and son on the choice of profession.
  7. Write a dialogue between a student and a teacher on the importance of Book Reading
  8. Write a dialogue between two men on dearness.
  9. Write a dialogue between two friends discussing B.A. Paper A.
  10. Write a dialogue between two persons about change in weather.


Translate the following into English. 

جو لوگ خود غرض ہیں، محض حصول ذر کےلیے کوشاں رہتے ہیں۔ ان کا نظریہ صرف پیسہ ہوتا ہےچاہے رشوت سے حاصل کرے یا ملاوٹ سے، ذخیرہ اندوزی سے یا سمگلنگ ۔ غلط ذرائع سے پیسے کمانے والے ملک کے دشمن ہیں عوام کے قاتل ہیں۔ یہ لوگ وطن کے غدار ہیں ننگ وطن ہیں یہ ناقابل معافی ہیں۔ ہر محب وطن کو ان پر کڑی نظر رکھنی چاہیے۔ ہرممکن کوشش کی جائے کہ ان کی حوصلہ افزائی نہ ہو۔


موسم سرما کی ایک عجب سی   مہک ہوتی ہے۔  ٹھنڈک کا احساس نہ صرف ہمیں جسمانی طور پر محسوس ہوتا ہے بلکہ روحانی طور پر بھی ہم اس سے بچ نہیں پاتے ۔ کا م کرنے  کا جی نہیں کرتا سستی دماغ پر چھائی رہتی ہے جی کرتا ہے کہ نرم گرم بستر ہو اور گرم گرم چائے ہو۔ لیکن نظام زندگی کے اندر ہمیں ان تمام سہولیات کو نظرانداز  کرکے اپنے مقاصد کے حصول کےلیے سردی کی شدت محسوس  کرنی پڑتی ہے۔اور اپنااصل مقاصد کے لیے ماحول کا سامنا کرنا پڑتا ہے۔


2015 ہم سے رخصت ہو گیا ہے۔ اس سال نے ہمیں زندگی میں بہت سے ناقابل فراموش واقعات پیشں کیے۔ کہیں پہ خوشیوں سے ہمارے دلوں کو محظو ظ کیا تو کہیں غموں کے بادلوں سے ہماری زندگی کو ویران بھی کیا۔ خوشی اور غم ہماری زندگی کا حصہ ہیں کیونکہ اسی سے نظام زندگی رواں دواں ہے۔کچھ لوگ ہم سے بچھڑ جاتے ہیں اور ہماری زندگی میں غم اور دکھ چھوڑ کر زندگی کو الوداع کہہ دیتے ہیں۔ اور کچھ نئے لوگ ہماری زندگی میں نئی امید کی کرن بن کر آجاتے ہیں اور اس طرح ہم  آہستہ آہستہ اپنے بچھڑوں کو بھول جاتے ہیں


آج  کی دنیا میں حقیقت خوابوں سے زیادہ اجنبی بن گئی ہے۔سائنس نے  صنعتی شعبے کی کس طرح کا یا پلٹ دی ہے اور کس طرح ہماری زندگیوں کو تبدیل کر رہی ہے اسکی ایک چھوٹی سی مثال آپ کے سامنے پیش خدمت ہے۔سائنس دانوں نے خاص مادہ  میٹا  تیار کیا ہے جو اشیا کو پوشیدہ کر دیتا ہے،ہم سب اس سے بخوبی آشنا  ہیں کہ روشنی اور آواز دونو ں لہر کی صورت میں سفر کرتی ہیں  جبکہ ذیلی جوہری سطح  پر مادہ بھی لہر کی صورت میں سفر کرتا ہے۔ یہ میٹا میٹریل اپنی ساخت اور جسامت کی وجہ سے روشنی کی لہروں کو اشیا ء سے دور جھکانے والی خصوصیت کے حامل ہوتے ہیں۔ یہ مادہ جس شے پر ڈالا جاتا ہے اسکے گرد روشنی کی لہریں ایسی گھومتی ہیں جیسا کہ بہتا ہوا پانی کسی پتھر کے  گرد گھومتا ہےاور آگے جا کر مل جاتا ہے۔اس طرح وہ  شےنظروں سے غائب ہو جاتی ہے۔ اس قسم کی تحقیق کااستعمال دفاع کے شعبے میں بہت مفید ثابت ہو رہا


افغانستان میں غربت بری طرح اثرانداز ہوتی ہے۔ سوائے چند لوگوں  کے جو زندگی کی آسائشوں سے لطف انداز ہو رہے ہیں۔افغانستان کے لوگ صرف موسمی اور ملنے والی خوراک حاصل کر سکتے ہیں۔ ویرانے اور مٹی کے کٹاؤ انکی مسلسل پیداوار  انکی خوراک کی سپلائی کوبھی  متاثر کرتے ہیں۔ غربت انکی ثقافتی اقتدار پر اثرانداز ہوتی ہے۔ وہاں کے افغان ساتھیوں کے رویوں اور باہر سے آنے والوں پر گروپ بندی نے اہم کردار ادا کیا ہے۔


کسی بھی نوجوان کے ذہن میں یہ خیال نہیں آتا کہ اسے مر جانا ہے۔ اسے یہ تو یقین ہے کہ دوسرے لوگ مر جائیں گے یا اُسے اس عقیدہ سے بھی اتفاق ہو سکتا ہے کہ  انسان فانی ہے مگر وہ انفرادی  طور پر اپنے آپ کو قائل نہیں کر سکتا۔ جوانی کا بڑھاپے اور موت کے ساتھ  مکمل مخاصمت ہوتی ہیں۔ غالباََ موت کے خوف کا بہترین علاج یہ خیال  ہے کہ جسطرح زندگی کا آغاز اسی طرح اس کا  انجام بھی ہے۔ ایک وقت وہ بھی تھا  جب ہم موجود نہ تھے۔ اور اس امر سے ہمیں کوئی تشویش نہیں ہوتی ۔ لہذا ہم خواہ مخواہ کیوں پریشان ہوں کہ ایک وقت ایسا بھی آئے گا جب                                                                                                          ہم نہ ہوں گے۔


اللہ کا شکر ہے کہ طویل تگ دو کے بعد اور عظیم قربانیوں کے بعد ہمارا ملک جمہوریت کی پٹڑی پر چڑ چکا ہے۔ اگر چہ اس راہ کے اندر ابھی بھی بہت سی رکاوٹیں اور مشکلات موجودہ ہیں۔ لیکن اس کے باوجود ہماری قوم کو یہ احساس ہو چکا ہے کسی بھی ملک کی ترقی کا راز صرف اور صرف جمہوری حکومت کے ذریعے ممکن ہے۔ اگر کوئی  ڈیٹیکٹر جمہوریت کو تباہ کرنے کے لیے کوئی منصوبہ بندی کرتا بھی ہے  تو اسے معلوم ہے کہ اب پاکستانی عوام باشعور ہو چکی ہے۔  اور وہ ایسی ہر قسم کی سازشوں کے سامنے سینہ سپر ہو جائے  گی اور اس کے تمام ناپاک اردوں کو خاک میں ملا دیں گے


جیسے جیسے بیـ اے کے امتحان قریب آتےجارہےہیں۔ہمارے  ہوش  اڑتے جارہے ہیں۔ پریشانی کے عالم میں راتوں کو نیند نہیں آتی۔ امتحان کے خوف نے ہمیں ذہنی مریض بنا دیاہے۔ امی ابو کوئی کام کہتے ہیں تو ذرا سی بات پر الجھ پڑتے ہیں اور صرف ایک ہی بہانہ ہوتا ہے کہ ہم تو امتحان کی تیاری کر رہے ہیں۔ اگر خدانخواستہ ہماری سپلی آگئی تو ہم کسی کو منہ دیکھانے کے لائق نہیں رہے گئے ۔ ماں باپ  کے  تو طعنےدرکنار ہمسائے اور دوست احباب بھی مذاق اُڑے گئے۔ یااللہ ہمیں اس ذہنی  اذیت سے چھٹکارا  دے اور پہلے ہی چانس کے اندر کامیابی سے سرخرو فرما۔


مغرب میں جمہوریت اس طرز حکومت کو کہتے ہیں جہاں آذادی ،مساوات اور اخوت ہو۔ اس میں طاقت کا سرچشمہ عوام کے منتخب نمائندے ہوتےہیں۔ اسلامی جمہوریت کا تصور اس سے کہیں ز یادہ  بلندہے۔ اس میں اصل حاکمیت اللہ تعالی کی ہےاور بنیادی قوانین قرآن حکیم میں واضح کر دئیے گئے ہیں۔ ان  قوانین میں کوئی ردوبدل نہیں کیا جا سکتا ۔ عوام کے نمائندے صرف وہی قوانین نافذ کرتے ہیں جو قرآن وسنت کی روشنی میں بنائے گئے ہوں


زندگی صرف زندہ رہنے کا نام نہیں کہ کھایا، پیا اور سو لیا۔ یہ سب کچھ تو ہر زندہ چیزکو میسر ہے۔ لیکن انسان کا دنیا میں رہنا دوسری تمام مخلوقات سے مختلف ہے۔ اللہ نے انسان کو دنیا میں ایک آزمائش کے لیے بھیجا ہے۔ ہمیں یہاں رہ کر اللہ کی فرمانبرداری کرنی ہے اور پھر اپنا کھویا ہوا مقام  حاصل کرنا ہے۔ لیکن ہماری زندگی کے مقاصد ہم نے یکسر بھلا دئیے ہیں۔ اور رحمان کی بندگی کی بجائے شیطان کی پیروی کرنے لگے ہیں۔ اللہ ہمیں ہمارےصحیح مقصد میں کامیابی عطا فرمائے اور شیطان سے محفوظ رکھ