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Guess Paper 2018 3rd year:

English Language: B.A Part I (3rd year)
Subject: English Language-I
Paper: English Language- I (compulsory)
Time: 3 Hrs. Marks: 100
Note: Attempt all questions from Section A and B. Be relevant and precise. Over-attempt deserves no credit:
Special Note:
Section A:

Q. No 1: Explain the following with reference to the context any THREE:

(i) No time turn at Beauty’s glance,
And watch her feet how they can dance.
ii) Cover me with white
Cold icy kisses and
Let me rest tonight.
iii) Thus I entered, and thus I go
In triumphs, people dropped down dead
“Tis God shall repay: I am safer so.
(iv) Whatever the theme, the Maiden sang,
As if her song could have no ending,
I saw her singing at her work
(v) A legacy of benefits…may we
In future years be found with those who try
To labour for the good until they die
(vi) For only gossamer, my gown —
My tippet — only tulle –
(vii) Magnified apples appear and disappear,
Stem end and the blossom end,
And every fleck of russet showing clear.
(viii) So little happens, the black dog
Cracking his fleas, in the hot sun
(ix) O then, on the shore
Of wide world I stand alone and think
Till Love and Fame to nothingness do sink.

(x) And depart peaceful, pacified, and thankless,
Into the burning bowels of this earth?
xi) The apparition of these faces in the crowd;
Petals on a wet black bough.
Explanation Lines from Plays:

(i) “I have not the pleasure of being either husband or your fiancé, so please don’t make scenes.”
(ii) In my solitude, I have grown unaccustomed to the masculine voice and I can’t stand shouting. I must ask you not to disturb my peace.
iii) Smirnov: Silly and rude! I don’t know how to behave before women. Madam, in my life, I’ve seen more women than you have seen sparrows.
(iv) Then let me say again, “Two eggs, ham and Coffee” and Mary can bring the ham at once and I’ll get going on that.
(v) Ah, but you must not think that after four year of war one has quite the same ideas about the sanctity of human life. How could one?
(vi) My dear uncle, this is the holiday. Being in London is a holiday
(vii) A good act is never forgotten; it never dies, what after these treasures, my poor wolf, compared with these you might win if you reform and join the ranks of the trustworthy, honorable and virtuous.
(viii) Don’t spoil it ….don’t be rude and violent. Put that thing down. I’d always intended to give you the password if you failed. Be right be sensible. Remember the day! The password is Sophy.
(ix) (There ain’t no criminal classes, any more than virtuous classes. The rogues and the rulers may both come from the gutter or the Palace.
(x) It was an accident that I fell in love with John. I didn’t go man hunting
(xi) Primrose. Of course. I don’t mean marriage in general. I mean marriage with John. He makes me feel all funny inside.

Q. No 2: Attempt any TWO of the following questions (200-225 words each) 10+10

(i) Explain these lines. “Beyond a doubt, you have been selected as the material of some new experiment, perhaps the result is to be death, perhaps it is a fate more awful, still Rappaccini, with what he calls the interest of science before his eyes will hesitate nothing.”
(ii) ‘New Constitution’ reflects Indian political, economic and social realities for freedom. Discuss.
(iii) Elaborate the statement. (The Breakfast)
“That is all, ‘I know, of course, some of the reason why it was pleasant.’ Would you like telling some of those reasons?
(iv)‘Take Pity’ by Bernard Malamud is a story of determination and self-respect. Discuss it.
(v) Explain these lines. “How singular is life and how full changes! How small a thing will ruin or save one.” ( The Necklace)
(vi) The Duchess and the Jeweler by Virginia Woolf mirror the society of England. Discuss:
(vii) Write a note the disillusionment of the husband and the wife. ‘The Shadow in the Garden.’
(viii) Describe the soldier’s emotional attachment with the panther?
(ix) “The principal thing in them is not the action but the emotional accompaniment of the action,” says a critic about the plays of Anton Chekhov. Does this remark hold true about “The Bear”?
(x) Bring out elements of humor found in the play”Something to Talk About”.
(xi) Describe the character of Primrose described in the Play ‘Smoke Screen’.

Q. No 3: Attempt any TWO of the following questions (200-225 words each)

(i) There are certain things that our age should avoid. Discuss (New Year’s Resolution)
(ii) Describe the dull and drab life of domestic women in “Woman Work”?
(iii) Describe the dramatic monologue of Patriot into traitor.
(iv) What is the poet’s idea of association and memories? (The Solitary Reaper)Explain.
(v) Describe the central idea of the poem “All The World’s A Stage” or Critically analyzed the poem “All The World’s A Stage”.
(vi) Critically elaborate the T.S Eliot’s idealism and optimism visualized for new century.
(vii)”A Poison Tree” rightly describes the poet’s mental and emotional attitude towards his enemy.
(viii)”After Apple-picking” symbolizes the human desires, expectations, and Struggle of a man. Elaborate it
(ix) Describe the revival of the colorful life in the village. (The Vanishing Village)
(x) How does education overcome instinct in “Snake”?

Section B:

Question No 4: Read the following paragraph and answer the question at the end. The answer must be in your own words. 10+15

(1) Today there are millions of disabled persons around the world. They live without any help they need to enjoy a full life. They inhabit in the every part of the world but by far the greatest number live in the developing countries where poverty combines with an impairment to shatter their hopes and emitter their lives. The common forms of disability are blindness, deafness and mental retardation. Physical disability is caused by disease, accidents and malnutrition. The disabled suffer from not only physical disadvantages but also are vulnerable to social disregard, emotional imbalance and physiological complexes. They do not receive the attention they deserve. The problems faced by them are deeply moving. The community has a responsibility towards the unfortunate among them. However, no sustain effort is made in backward societies to integrate the disabled into the fabric of social and cultural life.
Questions:
I. Where do the majority of disables persons live?
II. What are the common forms of disability and how they are caused?
III. What problems the disabled person face in our society?
IV. What is our response to the problems of the disabled persons?
V. Make the précis of the passage and suggest the suitable title.
2: Read the following passage and answer the questions at the end. The answers must be in your own words.
Every country must have a government of some sort otherwise, life would be impossible. The primary duties of a government are to protect the life and property of the citizens in a just and orderly way through the law courts, to defend the country from foreign foes and to maintain roads and highways. Besides these, many governments maintain direct education and provide hospitals for the sick. All these great public duties need money. Any army and a navy have to be kept up, the police force and the judges are to be paid, schools have to be provided teachers supported. Health offices and engineers have to be employed. Now where is all the money needed to come from? The question is answered by another question. For whose benefits are all these services maintained? The answer is for the public. Therefore it is only right that the public, the individual citizens of the country should contribute the money (taxes) for the money (taxes) that they comes back to them in the form of the public benefits which enjoy.
Questions:
I. Suggest a suitable title of the passage
II. Summaries in one sentence the primary duties of a government.
III. In the light of this passage, what is a “welfare State”?
IV. Why should the public, the individual citizens of the country contribute the money to the government?
V. Make a précis of the passage given above.

3. Read the following passage and answer the questions at the end. The answers must be in your own words.
It is common in our day, as it has been in many other periods of the world’s history to suppose that those among us who are wise have seen through all the enthusiasms of earlier times and have become aware that there is nothing left to live for. The men who hold this view are genuinely unhappy but they are proud of their unhappiness, which they attribute to the nature of the universe and consider to the only rational attitude for an enlightened man. Their pride on their unhappiness makes people suspicious of its genuineness: they think that man who enjoys being miserable is not miserable. This view is too simple; undoubtedly there is some slight compensation in the feeling of superiority and insight which these sufferers have, but it is not sufficient to make up for the loss of simple pleasure. I do not myself think that there is any superiority rationality in being unhappy. The wise man will be as happy as circumstances permit and if he finds the contemplation of the universe painful beyond a point, he will contemplate something instead. I am persuaded that those who quite sincerely attribute their sorrows to their views about the universe are putting the cart before the horse: the truth is that they are unhappy for some reasons of which they are not aware.
Questions:
(i) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
(ii) What is common with the wise today to suppose?
(iii) What is the result of pride on unhappiness?
(iv) How can a wise man be happy?
(v) Explain the meanings of the following words:
(a) Enthusiasms (b) Contemplation
(vi) Make a summary of the passage.
3): Recently the mass media, formerly subservient to the medical profession, have become increasingly restive and occasionally hostile. In Germany, in particular the newspaper and television have given a great deal of time and space to the complaints against the medical profession. In Britain on BBC radio and television, the medical practices have come under sharp and aggressive criticism. Is this antagonism to the profession justified? And if so, why? I have tried to answer that question by looking at the way it deals with some of the diseases of our civilization, including the most lethal, heart attacks and cancer. If what emerges is an indictment of the profession, then I would rebut the charge that I am anti-doctor. What is required in the relationship between the doctor and the patient? The trust and unshakable trust, I would say. Montaigne said; “I honour physicians not for their services but for themselves”. That goes for me too.
Questions:
(i) What do you understand by the mass media?
(ii) What is the writer’s stance towards the medical profession?
(iii) What is a lethal disease? Explain.
(iv) Is there a radical change in the presentation of the art of healing by the mass media?
(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
(vi) Make a précis of the passage.
4): Fortunately, however, the growth of industrialism has coincided in the West with the growth of democracy. It is possible now, if the population of the world does not increase too fast, for one man’s labour to produce much more than is needed to provide a bare subsistence for himself and his family. Given an intelligent democracy not misled by some dogmatic creed, this possibility will be used to raise the standard of life. It has been so used to a limited extent, in Britain and America, and would have so used more effectively but for war. Its use in raising the standard of life has depended mainly upon three things: democracy, trade unionism, and birth control. All three, of course, have incurred hostility from the rich. If these three things can be extended to the rest of the world as it becomes industrialized, poverty can be abolished throughout the whole world, and excessive hours of labour will no longer be necessary anywhere. But without these three things industrialism will create a regime like that in which the Pharaohs built the pyramids. In particular, if world population continues to increase at the present rate, the abolition of poverty and excessive work will be totally impossible.
Questions:
(i) What connection does the writer show between industrialism and democracy?
(ii) How can the standard of life be raised?
(iii) How can poverty be abolished?
(iv) What will be the impact of increase in population at the present rate?
(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
(vi) Make a précis of the passage.
5): Poverty is almost as widely shared as Islam in Afghanistan. Except for a small number of wealthy traders, nomadic tribal leaders, and the Royal family and its retainers, few Afghans have lived far from the basic level of subsistence. Throughout the century, their diet consists of coarse bread, tea, and dairy products, supplemented by fruits and vegetables in season and an occasional serving of mutton or chicken. Though the food is never plentiful, the Afghan diet during good crop years appears to be sufficient to support a vigorous population, but the precariousness of the food supply is obvious from the drastic and continuing erosion of the soil and the creeping desertization of its landscape. The poverty of most Afghan farmers and herders has imposed an elemental quality on their culture. Values are oriented toward social survival. Loyalty to the primary group ultimately takes precedence over self-assertion, despite the great importance given to personal independence. The conflict between these competing values is a major feature of Afghan life, but in-group loyalty has necessarily played the paramount role in the shaping of the attitudes toward fellow Afghans and outsiders.
Questions:
(i) What is the economic condition of the people of Afghanistan?
(ii) What does the diet of Afghan people consist of?
(iii) Why is the food supply becoming so precarious?
(iv) What is the major feature of Afghan life?
(v) Make a suitable title of the passage.
(vi) Make a précis of the above passage
(6) Great progress has been made by America in the field of mechanization. It is spending lavishly on labor-saving machines. Efficient organization of highly mechanized system has resulted in maximum productivity in America. With mass production, the amenities of life are available to almost every citizen. On the contrary, Europe subordinates the use of machines to human happiness and welfare. It encourages man’s reliance on his own faculties and realizes the dangers inherent in the American scheme. However great the advantages of mechanization, it crushes the creative faculty of man and makes a machine out of him. His individual liberty and personality suffer on the irretrievable loss. In his moments of leisure the worker finds it difficult to turn his hands to creative work, because the machine-made goods do not inspire him in the direction of refinement. These goods also lose their fascination because mass production has given a setback to the individuality of the articles produced. The Europeans, therefore, contend that it is better to sacrifice a few material comforts than crush the aesthetic and spiritual urge in the individual which large-scale mechanization is doing in America.
Questions:
(i) What is the result of progress in the field of mechanization in America?
(ii) How has it affected the citizens?
(iii) What is the case in Europe?
(iv) Why do Europeans sacrifice a few material comforts?
(v) Make a suitable title of the passage.
(vi) Make a précis of the above passage.
(7) The rich nations have made adjustments after the 1973 oil crisis, but the poor nations, who cannot afford the continue using oil, have to look for alternatives in order to keep up the pace of their development. The sun, therefore, offers a free supply of thermo-dynamically high-quality fuel — sunshine — to countries that are located in the earth’s solar belt (35N, 35S of the Equator), where the sun comes out every day, keeping its radiant energy undiminished. What, however, stand in the way, are a series of institutional and economic barriers which must be overcome if solar energy is to have an impact on the energy scene. The solar energy plan requires new ways of thinking. It calls for a shift from centralized energy supply systems to on-site decentralized distribution of energy. The term ‘on-site’ derives from the limited areas within which the energy produced by a system is consumed. It rests its emphasis on the social benefits rather than the cost benefits of a system.
Questions:
(i) What is the effect of 1973 oil crisis on poor nations?
(ii) What are the obstacles in the way of acquiring solar energy?
(iii) What system of distribution does the author recommend for solar energy?
(iv) What does the term “on-site” mean?
(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
(vi) Make a précis of the above passage.
(8) Teaching more even than most other professions, has been transformed during the last hundred years from a small, highly skilled profession concerned with a minority of the population, to a large and important branch of the public service. The profession has a great and honorable tradition extending from the dawn of history until recent times, but any teacher in the modern world who allows himself to be inspired by the ideals of his predecessors is likely to be made sharply aware that it is not his function to teach what he thinks, but instill such beliefs and prejudices as are thought useful by his employers. In former days, a teacher was expected to be a man of exceptional knowledge or wisdom to whose words men would do well to attend. In antiquity, teachers were not an organized profession and no control was exercised over what they taught. It is true they were often punished afterwards for their subversive doctrines. Socrates was put to death and Plato is said to have been thrown into prison, but such incidents did not interfere with the spread of their doctrines.
Questions:
(i) What changes have occurred in the profession of teaching during the last hundred years?
(ii) What were the teachers supposed to be in golden days?
(iii) What is the function of a teacher nowadays?
(iv) Write a note on the rewards that a teacher gets nowadays.
(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
(vi) Make a précis of the above passage.
(9) Moral self-control, and external prohibition of harmful acts, are not adequate methods of dealing with our anarchic instincts. The reason they are inadequate is that these instincts are capable of many disguises as the Devil in medieval legend, and some of these disguises deceive even the elect. The only adequate method is to discover what are the needs of our instinctive nature, and then to search for the least harmful way of satisfying them. Since spontaneity is what is most thwarted by machine, the only thing that can be provided is an opportunity; the use made of opportunity must be left to the initiative of the individual. No doubt, considerable expense would be involved but it would not be comparable to the expense of war. Understanding of human nature must be the basis of any real improvement in human life. Science has done wonders in mastering the laws of the physical world, but our own nature is much less understood, yet than the nature of stars and electrons. When science learns to understand human nature, it will be able to bring happiness into our lives, which machines and the physical science have failed to create.
Questions:
(i) Why are moral self-control, and external prohibition inadequate to deal with our anarchic instincts?
(ii) What is the adequate method of anarchic instincts?
(iii) What should be the basis of any real improvement in human life?
(iv) How can science help humanity to achieve happiness?
(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
(vi) Make a precis of the passage.
(10) This brings me along to democracy, even love the beloved Republic which feed upon freedom. Democracy is not a Beloved Republic really and never will be. But it is less hateful than other contemporary forms of Government and to that extent it deserves our support. It does start from the assumption that the individual is important and that all types are needed to make a civilization is does not divide its citizens into bossers and bossed as an efficiency regime tends to do. The people I admire most are those who are sensitive and want to create something or discover something and do not see life in terms of power and such people get more of a chance under a democracy than elsewhere. They find religions great or small or they produce literature and art or they do disinterested scientific research or they may be what is called ordinary people who are creative in their private lives, bring up their children decently for instance or help their neighbors. All those people need to express themselves; they cannot do so unless society allows them liberty to do so and the society which allows them most liberty is democracy.
Questions:
(i) What other advantages of democracy can you think of in addition to the fact that it allows most liberty?
(ii) Summarize the writer’s definition of creative persons.
(iii) Why does the writer call democracy a less hateful form of Government?
(iv) What type of people does the writer like?
(v) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
(vi) Make a précis of the above passage.

Q. No 6: Translate the following into English.

جو لوگ خود غرض ہیں، محض حصول ذر کےلیے کوشاں رہتے ہیں۔ ان کا نظریہ صرف پیسہ ہوتا ہےچاہے رشوت سے حاصل کرے یا ملاوٹ سے، ذخیرہ اندوزی سے یا سمگلنگ ۔ غلط ذرائع سے پیسے کمانے والے ملک کے دشمن ہیں عوام کے قاتل ہیں۔ یہ لوگ وطن کے غدار ہیں ننگ وطن ہیں یہ ناقابل معافی ہیں۔ ہر محب وطن کو ان پر کڑی نظر رکھنی چاہیے۔ ہرممکن کوشش کی جائے کہ ان کی حوصلہ افزائی نہ ہو۔
Or
موسم سرما کی ایک عجب سی مہک ہوتی ہے۔ ٹھنڈک کا احساس نہ صرف ہمیں جسمانی طور پر محسوس ہوتا ہے بلکہ روحانی طور پر بھی ہم اس سے بچ نہیں پاتے ۔ کا م کرنے کا جی نہیں کرتا سستی دماغ پر چھائی رہتی ہے جی کرتا ہے کہ نرم گرم بستر ہو اور گرم گرم چائے ہو۔ لیکن نظام زندگی کے اندر ہمیں ان تمام سہولیات کو نظرانداز کرکے اپنے مقاصد کے حصول کےلیے سردی کی شدت محسوس کرنی پڑتی ہے۔اور اپنااصل مقاصد کے لیے ماحول کا سامنا کرنا پڑتا ہے
or
سلمان فارسیؓ ایک اچھی فطرت کے شخص تھے انہیں شروع ساے ہی سچائی اور حقیقت کی تلاش تھی اس لیے انہوں نے جدوجہد کی اور اللہ تعالیٰ نے انہیں کامیابی عطا کی۔ ان کی زندگی سے ہمیں یہ سبق ملتا ہے کہ انسان کا مقصدِ حیات پاکیزہ ور بلند ہونا چاہیےاور پوری لگن سے اس کے لیے کوشش کرے اور اللہ تعالیٰ کی رحمت اسے کامیابی سے ہمکنار کر دیتی ہے اللہ تعالیٰ ہمیں ایسے کامیاب اور با مراد لوگوں میں شامل فرمائے
or
آج کی دنیا میں حقیقت خوابوں سے زیادہ اجنبی بن گئی ہے۔سائنس نے صنعتی شعبے کی کس طرح کا یا پلٹ دی ہے اور کس طرح ہماری زندگیوں کو تبدیل کر رہی ہے اسکی ایک چھوٹی سی مثال آپ کے سامنے پیش خدمت ہے۔سائنس دانوں نے خاص مادہ میٹا تیار کیا ہے جو اشیا کو پوشیدہ کر دیتا ہے،ہم سب اس سے بخوبی آشنا ہیں کہ روشنی اور آواز دونو ں لہر کی صورت میں سفر کرتی ہیں جبکہ ذیلی جوہری سطح پر مادہ بھی لہر کی صورت میں سفر کرتا ہے۔ یہ میٹا میٹریل اپنی ساخت اور جسامت کی وجہ سے روشنی کی لہروں کو اشیا ء سے دور جھکانے والی خصوصیت کے حامل ہوتے ہیں۔ یہ مادہ جس شے پر ڈالا جاتا ہے اسکے گرد روشنی کی لہریں ایسی گھومتی ہیں جیسا کہ بہتا ہوا پانی کسی پتھر کے گرد گھومتا ہےاور آگے جا کر مل جاتا ہے۔اس طرح وہ شےنظروں سے غائب ہو جاتی ہے۔ اس قسم کی تحقیق کااستعمال دفاع کے شعبے میں بہت مفید ثابت ہو رہا ہے۔
or

افغانستان میں غربت بری طرح اثرانداز ہوتی ہے۔ سوائے چند لوگوں کے جو زندگی کی آسائشوں سے لطف انداز ہو رہے ہیں۔افغانستان کے لوگ صرف موسمی اور ملنے والی خوراک حاصل کر سکتے ہیں۔ ویرانے اور مٹی کے کٹاؤ انکی مسلسل پیداوار انکی خوراک کی سپلائی کوبھی متاثر کرتے ہیں۔ غربت انکی ثقافتی اقتدار پر اثرانداز ہوتی ہے۔ وہاں کے افغان ساتھیوں کے رویوں اور باہر سے آنے والوں پر گروپ بندی نے اہم کردار ادا کیا ہے۔
or
جیسے جیسے بیـ اے کے امتحان قریب آتےجارہےہیں۔ہمارے ہوش اڑتے جارہے ہیں۔ پریشانی کے عالم میں راتوں کو نیند نہیں آتی۔ امتحان کے خوف نے ہمیں ذہنی مریض بنا دیاہے۔ امی ابو کوئی کام کہتے ہیں تو ذرا سی بات پر الجھ پڑتے ہیں اور صرف ایک ہی بہانہ ہوتا ہے کہ ہم تو امتحان کی تیاری کر رہے ہیں۔ اگر خدانخواستہ ہماری سپلی آگئی تو ہم کسی کو منہ دیکھانے کے لائق نہیں رہے گئے ۔ ماں باپ کے تو طعنےدرکنار ہمسائے اور دوست احباب بھی مذاق اُڑے گئے۔ یااللہ ہمیں اس ذہنی اذیت سے چھٹکارا دے اور پہلے ہی چانس کے اندر کامیابی سے سرخرو فرما۔
or
مغرب میں جمہوریت اس طرز حکومت کو کہتے ہیں جہاں آذادی ،مساوات اور اخوت ہو۔ اس میں طاقت کا سرچشمہ عوام کے منتخب نمائندے ہوتےہیں۔ اسلامی جمہوریت کا تصور اس سے کہیں ز یادہ بلندہے۔ اس میں اصل حاکمیت اللہ تعالی کی ہےاور بنیادی قوانین قرآن حکیم میں واضح کر دئیے گئے ہیں۔ ان قوانین میں کوئی ردوبدل نہیں کیا جا سکتا ۔ عوام کے نمائندے صرف وہی قوانین نافذ کرتے ہیں جو قرآن وسنت کی روشنی میں بنائے گئے ہوں

Write a dialogue between two close friends on the ill effects of injustices
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Write a dialogue between a student and a teacher on the importance of discipline.

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Write a dialogue between two friends discussing B.A. Paper A.

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