Rules of correction of Adjective:
Rule No 1:
when we compare two persons or things, we use comparative degree of adjective.
- He is the tallest than Aslam. (incorrect)
He is taller than Aslam.
- Of the two routs, this is the shortest. (incorrect)
Of the two routs, this is shorter.
Rule No 2:
when we compare one thing more than two things, we use superlative degree.
- He is the taller boy in the class. (incorrect)
He is the tallest boy in the class.
- She is the more beautiful girl in the college. (incorrect)
She is the most beautiful girl in the college.
Rule No 3:
Use of double comparative or double superlative is wrong.
- He is more taller than Aslam. (incorrect)
He is taller than Aslam.
- She is the most best girl in the college. (Incorrect)
She is the best girl in the college.
Rule No 4:
We cannot compare the things of different kinds.
- My shirt is better than you. (incorrect)
My shirt is better than your shirt.
- The climate of Multan is hotter than Lahore. (incorrect)
The climate of Multan is hotter than of Lahore.
Rule No 5:
We cannot make the comparative & superlative degree of the following adjectives, “complete, prefect, acquire, circular, unique, extreme, cheap, tall, empty, full, impossible, universal.”
- He gave me the fullest reply. (incorrect)
He gave me the fullest reply.
- This building is most prefect than that. (incorrect)
This building is perfect.
Rule No 6:
We always use “to” instead of “that”, with following words, “senior, junior, interior, superior, prior, elder, inferior, or posterior.”
- He is junior than Aslam. (Incorrect)
He is junior to Aslam.
- I prefer this book over that. (incorrect)
I prefer this book to that.
Rule No 7:
When we compare one person or thing, we compare through second degree of “other” along with “any”.
- Aslam is taller than any student in the class. (Incorrect).
Aslam is taller than any other in the class.
- Lahore is more beautiful than any city in the Punjab. (incorrect)
Lahore is more beautiful than any other city.
Rule No 8:
when we compare one person or thing with other through a third degree of adjective. We do not use “other” along with “all”.
- Aslam is the wisest of all the other students. (incorrect)
Aslam is the wisest of all the students.
- It is the most wonderful of all the other picture. (Incorrect)
It is the most wonderful of all pictures.
Rule No 9:
“Some” is used in positive sentence while “any” is used in negative sentence.
- Please bring any water for me. (incorrect)
Please bring some water for me.
- He did not give me some money. (incorrect)
He did not give me any money.
Rule No 10:
“Older” & “oldest” are used for different in age of person in general, while “eldest” & “eldest” is used for different in age or person within the family.
- She is elder than (incorrect)
She is older than I.
- She is my older sister. (incorrect)
She is my elder sister.
Rule No 11:
“Farther” means more distance and “further” means addition.
- I went further than (incorrect)
I went farther than I.
- I had nothing farther to say. (Incorrect)
I had nothing further to say.
Rule No 12:
“Less” is used for quantity and size, while, “fewer” is used for number.
- Aslam has less books than Ali. (incorrect)
Aslam has fewer books than Ali.
Rule No 13:
“Last” means something which is an end, while, latest means something which quite fresh.
- My name was the latest in the list. (incorrect)
My name was the last in the list.
- What is the last news of the match? (Incorrect)
What is the latest news of the match?
Rule No 14:
“Few” means hardly any one; “a few” means some, “the means” some which already has known.
- I have only few friends in the city. (incorrect)
I have only a few fiends in the city.
- A few friends I have are all very old. (Incorrect)
The few friends I have are all very old.
Rule No 15:
“Little” means not much, “a little” means some; “the little” means some that already known.
- There is little sugar in the milk.( incorrect)
There is a little sugar in the milk.
- A little money he had, he lost in gambling. (incorrect)
The little money he had, he lost in gambling.
Rule No 16:
We always use adjective after the following verbs, the use of adverb after them is wrong.
“Smile, sound, feel, taste, appear, seem, rename, keep, prove, look”.
- Roses smell sweetly. (incorrect)
Roses smell sweet.
- She looks happily. (incorrect)
She looks happy.