The Regional Context and Players
The Current Status of China-Pakistan Relations
How China Views Pakistan in the International Context?
Of all China’s nearby countries, Pak-China Relationship is the nearest and friendliest. The two nations established diplomatic relation in 1951, making Pakistan one of the first Islamic countries as well as the second country in South Asia after India to set up the diplomatic relationship with China. The two countries have stayed strong companions ever since. The closeness of the relationship between the two countries can be seen from significant bilateral communications over the years. For instance, in the Indo-Pakistani conflicts of 1965 and 1971, China took the part of Pakistan against India.
After the Second Globe War, while the U.S.-Soviet Cold War, China, and India took a more popular part of East Asia and South Asia. Although China is not a part of the “Non-Aligned Movement,” while India is one of its three beginning countries, both China and India took separate foreign policy roles outside of the U.S. and Communist Power blocs. The friendly relation between India and the Soviet Union were a thorn in the part of the China whose relation with the Soviet Union worsened from the 1960s. Therefore, within the South Asia region, China followed the policy of partnership with Pakistan to balance against India.
Although China-Pakistan relation has always been helpful, past collaboration between the two countries was mostly at the governmental and army level and had not extended to the extensive cultural, social, and social exchange relation of today. This new stage in relation started in May 2013 with the visit of Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang to Pakistan and official offer of the concept of the “China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.” Consequently, there was an exchange of visits between management and authorities from both countries, such as the visit of Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain to China in Feb 2014 and Pakistani Primary Minister Nawaz Sharif’s following visit in April 2014, which involved intense discussions over the offer. Finally, during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to Pakistan in April 2015, the offer was formally completed, such as the deciding upon of 51 Memorandums of Understanding between the two countries, the inauguration of eight projects, and the releasing of five joint energy projects.
To understand China’s view of Pakistan from the outlook during international state policies, we must take into account Pakistan’s interlock relationships with the USA, China itself, and the Arabic world. The USA has performed the role of arbitrator for China involvement in Afghanistan, usually pleasant China’s improved role. This trend shows U.S. concern that if initiatives to rebuild the order in Afghanistan are not continual; there will be a power vacuum in Afghanistan, causing the Taliban, the Islamic State, and even pro-Pakistan militants to define up governmental power.
China is now involved in an unmatched close bilateral collaboration with Pakistan across a range of areas. From a domestic, local, or international governmental viewpoint, China has shown a desire to continue building up its relation with China. Aside from India, local power such as the USA, Arab countries, and Iran, are positive about China taking responsibility for maintaining local order in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Therefore, for the near future, China-Pakistan relation and the development of Chinese influence in Central and South Asia will develop further as China chases the “One Belt and One Road” initiative; progressively changing the U.S. dominated status-quo. With the present circumstances in Afghanistan and Pakistan, China can take on responsibility for filling the power vacuüm in a way that is usually suitable for all parties involved.
With all analysis and changing the regional situation, the Pak-China relationship is becoming stronger and strengthening the bilateral relationship. Due to the economic corridor and Gwadar port, future relationships are most powerful and will be the main source or strong economy of Pakistan and prosperity of Pakistan people.